October 23, 2015 10:20 am
On October 18 social media platforms were invaded with messages against slavery and human trafficking to raise awareness of this cruelty on the EU Anti-Trafficking Day (established in 2007). One of the main focuses of the conference organized by the European Commission in this regard was on child protection. And in line with this, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) has recently released a detailed report (also available as a handbook in all official EU languages) on Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union, pointing out the cases of ” those (children) at risk of becoming victims of human trafficking or other forms of violence and exploitation”. How should the term ‘guardianship’ be defined in this context?
When searching for ‘guardianship’ in IATE, the following definition is given: “All the rights, duties, powers, responsibilities and authority which by law a parent of a child has in relation to the child and his property” (Children Act 1989, UK). To contextualize the term, all fields in which a guardian has power are later specified “including choice of school, medical treatment, religious matters, health requirements and decisions about leaving the country.” (The Courts Service of Ireland).
Considering that 5.5 million children were estimated to be trafficked worldwide between the period of 2002-2011, at the time when ‘The EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012–2016’ was established, the guardianship system for children becomes a matter of special attention in all Member States. According to the description given in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which entered into force in 1990, those children should be in need of such a guardianship “who are temporarily or permanently deprived of their family environment and cannot have their interests represented by their parents”.
We have chosen ‘guardianship’ as the IATE term of the week, but we also recommend you to have a look at some of the other keywords related to child victims of trafficking included in the FRA’s handbook mentioned above (find the full entry in IATE here).
Read our IATE term of the week from last year on human trafficking here.
Contribute to IATE! A terminologist for the respective language will revise your answer and decide whether to validate them. Given the implications of the process, a delay is to be expected.
- European Commission. 2012. ec.europa.eu. [ONLINE] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/doc_centre/crime/docs/trafficking_in_human_beings_eradication-2012_2016_en.pdf. [Accessed 22 October 15].
- European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. 2014. fra.europa.eu. [ONLINE] Available at: http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2015/guardianship-children-deprived-parental-care. [Accessed 22 October 15].
- United Nations Human Rights. 2015. Convention on the Rights of the Child. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx. [Accessed 22 October 15].
- European Commission. 2015. Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings. [ONLINE] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/anti-trafficking/. [Accessed 22 October 15].
- Inter Active Terminology for Europe. 2015. IATE. [ONLINE] Available at: http://iate.europa.eu/FindTermsByLilId.do?lilId=3537435&langId=en. [Accessed 22 October 15].
Written by Ana Escaso Moreno
Communication Trainee at TermCoord
Journalist & Social Media manager
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