Termcoord European Election Countdown: European Commission

May 14, 2019 4:55 pm

The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. The so-called College of Commissioners consists of 28 Commissioners, who are equal in the decision-making process. These include the President of the Commission, currently Jean-Claude Juncker, the first Vice President, and five further Vice Presidents, who lead the Commission.

The number 28 is not arbitrary, of course. Every EU country provides one Commissioner. However, the Commissioners are required to work for EU interests instead of national ones. The Commission also includes its staff, which supports the everyday work and is organized into different Directorates-General (DG). Each DG works on a specific policy area.

Etymologically, the origin of the term commission can be traced back partly to the French comissioune and comission, meaning request, order, requirement and to the Latin word commissiōn, meaning association, among other meanings.

Every five years a new College of Commissioners is appointed. The European Council proposes a candidate for the Comission’s President to the European Parliament. Each EU country suggests one Commissioner. Once elected by the EP, the President of the Commission selects the Vice Presidents and the Commissioners based on the EU countries’ suggestions. After the European Council has approved the list, the European Parliament votes on whether to accept the College. Then a qualified majority of the European Council appoints the new Commission.

 

The Commission decides collectively on the Commission’s strategies and policies. It is the only EU institution, which can initiate legislation. It is responsible for submitting new laws, funding and the annual budget to the European Parliament and the Council for discussion and adoption. It also enforces EU law, and represents the EU internationally.

There are only 12 days left until the European Elections. The Elections take place from the 23rd to the 26th depending on the EU country. If you want to learn more, register at thistimeImvoting.eu and check out our first Countdown Term: Informed Decision.

Sources:

iate. https://iate.europa.eu/entry/result/956044/en. Accessed May 14, 2019.

Commission. Home : Oxford English Dictionary. https://www.oed.com/view/Entry/37135?rskey=Y6Kqmr&result=1&isAdvanced=false#eid. Accessed May 14, 2019.

Commission E. The European Commission explained – Functioning and Tasks. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nWpgO1EPO_Y. Published November 21, 2013. Accessed May 14, 2019.

European Commission. European Union. https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/institutions-bodies/european-commission_en. Published April 29, 2019. Accessed May 14, 2019.

How are the Commission President and Commissioners appointed? | News | European Parliament. How are the Commission President and Commissioners appointed? | News | European Parliament. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/faq/8/how-are-the-commission-president-and-commissioners-appointed. Accessed May 14, 2019.

Legislative powers . Legislative powers. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/about-parliament/en/powers-and-procedures/legislative-powers. Accessed May 14, 2019.

Parliament E. EU Commission presidency: choosing from a legion of super candidates – EN. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dhX_Vh9vCos. Published May 19, 2016. Accessed May 14, 2019.

Political leadership. European Commission – European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/about-european-commission/organisational-structure/political-leadership_en. Published November 21, 2018. Accessed May 14, 2019.

Termcoord European Election Countdown: Informed Decision -. Terminology Coordination Unit. http://termcoord.eu/2019/05/eu-election-countdown-informed-decision/. Published May 14, 2019. Accessed May 14, 2019.

This time I’m voting – European elections. This time I’m voting – European elections. https://www.thistimeimvoting.eu/. Accessed May 14, 2019.


Written by Annemarie Menger – Communication Trainee at the Terminology Coordination Unit of the European Parliament (Luxembourg) and a student of the Master’s Program in Learning and Communication in Multilingual and Multicultural Contexts at the University of Luxembourg. She holds a teacher’s degree in the form of the First German State Examination for Elementary Education, a BA in Cultural Basic Skills and an additional degree in Global Systems and Intercultural Competence from the University of Würzburg.

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