Tomorrow (11th February) the entire world is celebrating the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. Although over the past 15 years the global community has put a special effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science, there is still a long way to go until achieving the desired Gender Parity.
The Gender Parity Index (GPI) is a socioeconomic index usually designed to measure the relative access to education of males and females. This index is introduced and observed by UNESCO, and in its simplest form it is calculated as the quotient of the number of females by the number of males enrolled in a given stage of education. A GPI equal to 1 indicates parity between both genders.
A value lower than 1 will indicate differences in favour of males, whereas a value near 1 means that gender parity is closer to be achieved. The GPI index is often used by international organizations, particularly in measuring the progress of developing countries.
How do you translate this term in your language? Have a look at the IATE entry and feel free to contribute!
According to United Nations, science and gender equality are both vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. You might be interested also in this interesting Unesco presentation on the topic.
Don´t miss our previous articles about some terms related to Gender parity:
- IATE Term of the Week: Gender Pay Gap
- IATE term of the week: Empowerment
- TERMFOLDER: Gender related terminology
Written by Ana Baudot – Journalist and Social media manager. Communication Trainee at DG TRAD – Terminology Coordination Unit
- Unesco -Office in Bangkok. Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education – Gender Parity Index presentation by Michael Koronkiewicz. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.unescobkk.org/fileadmin/user_upload/aims/Pattaya_SCB_Jun05/Gender_Parity_Index_-_Michael_Koronkiewicz.pdf [Accessed 09 February 2017].
- United Nations – International Day of Women and Girls in Science 11 February [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.un.org/en/events/women-and-girls-in-science-day/ [Accessed 09 February 2017].
- UN Development Indicators Unit Statistics Division [ONLINE] Available at: http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx?IndicatorId=9 [Accessed 09 February 2017].
- Royal Academy of Science International Trust [ONLINE] Available at: http://womeninscienceday.org/2017ConceptNote.html [Accessed 09 February 2017].
- Wikipedia – Gender Parity Index definition. [ONLINE] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_Parity_Index [Accessed 09 February 2017].
- World Economic Forum- Global Gender Gap Report [ONLINE] Available at: http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2016/#read [Accessed 09 February 2017].