October 13, 2017 10:00 am
On October 6th, the Nobel Peace Prize Committee awarded the coveted prize to The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), an Australian organization who has been paying close attention to the consequences of any use of nuclear weapons, and sensitizing public opinion on the catastrophic humanitarian problems that they cause. One of the most significant achievements of ICAN is the adoption of the first legally binding treaty to ban nuclear weapons, which was opened for signature on September 20th by the United Nations.
Following this recent development, Nobel Peace Prize is our choice for the IATE Term of the Week.
This term comes from Alfred Nobel, who established the prize: skilled businessman and entrepreneur, he spent his life studying the many uses of nitro-glycerine, doing research to develop its use in commerce and technology.
A lover of literature and languages, Nobel was fluent in Swedish, Russian, French, English and German.
In his will, he left most of his fortune for the creation of a series of prizes to be awarded to people who dedicated their life to “the greatest benefit to mankind” (Alfred Nobel).
Different types of Nobel prizes have been awarded since 1901, the year in which the first Prize was awarded to Henry Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross.
To date, the youngest person to have received the Nobel Peace Prize is Malala Yousafzai, who was honoured at the age of 17.
The Collins English Online Dictionary defines Nobel Prize as “a prize for outstanding contributions to chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, economics, and peace that may be awarded annually”. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded specifically for contributions to peace such as humanitarian work.
You can check our entry for Nobel Peace Prize in IATE below:
You may also like to read about some other peace-related Terms of the Week:
See you next Friday for the next IATE Term of the week!
- Official Website of the Nobel Prize (2017). Aivalable here (Accessed 11 October 2017)
- Time.com (2017) “5 reasons why ICAN won the Nobel Prize“. Available here (Accessed 10 October 2017)
- Time.com (2017) “The long nuclear history behind the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize” Available here (Accessed 10 October 2017)
- Collins English Online Dictionary (Accessed 10 October 2017)
Written by Carolina Quaranta – Schuman Trainee at the Terminology Coordination Unit of the European Parliament. Student of Master in Public and Political Communication in the University of Torino, Italy; freelance journalist.
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