On 30 November, 196 parties (195 states plus the European Union) are expected to sit together in Paris to discuss how to deal with one of the biggest challenges of our time: climate change.
The so-called Conference of the Parties (COP, find here the short glossary provided on this topic) has met every year since the United Nations raised its voice in 1992 for the first time to speak out on limiting global warming and restricting emissions at international levels, obtaining as a result the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.
Years later (Copenhagen 2009), data showed those goals agreed in Kyoto were not very likely to be accomplished and so they needed to be revised, strengthening measures for developed countries and extend its period of action until 2020. This was officially established in 2012 under the name of Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol.
Why do nations need to bring up the climate change issue one more time?
Although some changes were agreed in the Doha Amendment in order to increase global awareness on climate change, it “affects only 14% of global emissions because only EU Member States, other European countries and Australia have commitments. The USA, Russia, Canada, Japan and developing countries do not”, was said at the plenary of the European Parliament on 14 June 2015.
The end of the commitment period as established by the Doha Amendment is coming soon and, once again, statistics (see the chart on CO2 emissions worldwide) don’t forecast that the world will succeed unless all nations in cooperation make an effort. For this reason, “a new climate agreement applicable to all countries is under negotiation, and is expected to be adopted by the 21st Conference of the Parties” at the upcoming reunion in Paris.
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- European Parliament . 2015. europa.eu. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/EPRS/EPRS-AaG-559475-Doha-Agreement-Kyoto-Protocol-FINAL.pdf. [Accessed 23 November 15].
- United Nations Conference on climate change. 2015. cop.21. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.cop21.gouv.fr/en/. [Accessed 23 November 15].
- European Parliament. 2015. Climate change agreement: from Kyoto to Doha and beyond. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/news-room/content/20150605STO63228/html/Climate-change-agreement-from-Kyoto-to-Doha-and-beyond. [Accessed 23 November 15].
- European Parliament. 2015. Climate change: preparing for Paris 2015. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/news-room/content/20141118STO79417/html/Climate-change-preparing-for-Paris-2015. [Accessed 23 November 15].
Written by Ana Escaso Moreno
Communication Trainee at TermCoord
Journalist & Social Media manager