September 16, 2016 10:00 am
China and the US, the world’s biggest emitters of greenhouse gases, announced jointly on the 3rd of September – on the eve of the G20 summit in Hangzhou, East China’s Zhejiang Province – that they would ratify the Paris global climate agreement.
The Paris agreement is the world’s first comprehensive climate agreement. It will only come into force legally after it is ratified by at least 55 countries which produce 55% of global carbon emissions.
Both China and the US commit to continue taking ambitious action to further promote the transition towards green, low-carbon and climate-resilient economies. To fulfil its commitment to the Paris climate pact, the US has implemented a number of steps in the power, transportation and building sectors to help reduce emissions in the coming years, including a five-year extension of production and investment tax credits for wind and solar energy which will deploy roughly 100GW of renewable energy. China will have to cut its carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65 percent by 2030 from 2005 levels, increase non-fossil fuel sources in primary energy consumption to about 20 percent, and peak its carbon emissions by 2030.
So, what is the definition of non-fossil fuel sources, which could also be called non-fossil energy?
According to wiseGEEK, non-fossil fuels are alternative sources of energy that do not rely on burning up limited supplies of coal, oil, or natural gas. Examples of these fuels include: biomass, wind or water generated energy, and solar power. These tend to be renewable energy sources, or means of generating power that can be utilized indefinitely.
Non-fossil fuels are considered to be extremely important to the future of power creation. In addition, energy production using non fossil-based fuels usually generates much less pollution than other energy sources. This is considered crucial by many governments which are looking for ways to reduce the amount of pollution produced by their countries.
Written by Ting Huang
Study visitor at TermCoord
Master Student in Multilingual and Multicultural Communication, University of Luxembourg
“U.S.-China Climate Change Cooperation Outcomes”. whitehouse.gov. N.p., 2016. Web. 13 Sept. 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/09/03/fact-sheet-us-china-cooperation-climate-change
“China, US Ratify The Paris Climate Agreement On Eve Of The G20 Hangzhou Summit”. English.mep.gov.cn. N.p., 2016. Web. 13 Sept. 2016. http://english.mep.gov.cn/News_service/media_news/201609/t20160905_363564.shtml
“Paris Climate Deal: US And China Formally Join Pact – BBC News”. BBC News. N.p., 2016. Web. 13 Sept. 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-37265541
“What Are Non Fossil Fuels? (With Pictures)”. wiseGEEK. N.p., 2016. Web. 13 Sept. 2016. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-non-fossil-fuels.htm
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